Saturday, August 30, 2008

Root Cause of Riots for last 175 Years

By: Ms Zenab Banu
Appendix IV, Page 175-193

As published by Government of India


Year Place Immediate Cause
1713 AD
Opposition to solemnise the holi festival on the one side and the cow slaughter on the other side between the neighbors of the two opposite communities.
Kashmir Vendetta of a Muslim gentleman of position against the Hindus
Delhi The murder of a Mussalman by a Hindu for reason not known
Sylhet, Assam
The Muslims (having 2/3 majority) demanded the Hindus the discontinuance of their religious ceremonies during the Muharram. Hindus refused to comply with this and petitioned Jinday (Officer Incharge of the Distt) for redressal.
Balpur & other places in Berar Muslim committed armed attack on the Hindus who were busy in their prayers.
The attempted construction of a building by Hindus on the Veutrog construction ground between the Mosque (built by Aurangzeb) and the present temple of Bisheshwas.
Moradabad (no cause was given)
Bombay Publication of some thing undesirable against prophet Mohammed by a Parsi in Gujrati paper.
1857 Moradabad, Bijnaur (After mutiny, no cause given)
Bareilly Moharram and Ramnavami festivals fall on the same day.
Bombay A book in Gujrati published by a RH Jalbhoy "Great Prophets of the World"
Mopala riots near Calicut
Intense provocation given to the Mopalas by the action of Raman who married a Muslim woman and soon after marriage reverted to Hinduism.
Etawah & Delhi
The simultaneous occurrence of two religious festivals, Ramlila of Hindus and Moharram of Muslims.
Bareilly Moharram and Ramnavami festivals.
1889 Delhi Conversion of a Hindu to Islam
1890 Aligarh
Obstruction of places of worship -- A pot of flesh was thrown at night in a mosque then beef was hung into two Hindu wells.
Calcutta Friction between the parties over the building of a mosque
Polaked in Salur district Religious Hindu procession attacked by Muslims
July 1892
Prabhaspatan Moharram festival
Muslims gathered an impression that they needed special protection and that the European system of administration tended to increase the influence of the Hindus at their expense.
Kolaba dist. --do--
Ballia in UP A reaction to the cow protection movement
1894 Madras Vijaya Dasmi Day – Muslims pelted the idol and the processionists with cow dung (?)
Feb1894 Yeola in Nasik Obstruction of Moharram (Tazia) by Hindus
July1895 Porbundar Muslim procession passing through Hindu quarter.
1895 Dhulia Ganpati procession attacked by Muslims
1907 Morghat Partition of Bengal
The reasons were partly the growing irritation of the Muslims with the Swadeshi agitation and the boycott of European goods, engineered by the Hindus.
Peshawar Holi and Muslim festival Bara Wafat were on the same day.
Ayodhya, Faizabad Over the sacrifice of cows by the Muslims on the occasion of Bakri Id.
Nellore Construction and demolition of a mosque
Muslim's resentment over the demolition of a lavatory attached to a mosque in connection with Municipal improvements.
On Bakri-Id Hindu mob tried to prevent Muslims for performance of sacrifice.
1918 Gaya & Shahabad
Hindus terrorised the Muslims and prevented them from performing the sacrifice.
1921 Malegaon Indian Council's Act of 1919
1921 Bangalore Resentment of non-coperation movement
1922 Multan --do--
Amritsar, Lahore, Saharanpur in UP All over India 15-20 severe riots took place due to Shudhi movement originated by Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
Allahabad, Calcutta, and many other cities Id festival and growing influence of Shidhi movement
Calcutta (no reason given)
Calcutta Music before the mosque
1926 Delhi, Patna, Rawalpindi, Allahabad, Dacca
Deep-rooted hatred and animosity engineered the riots with a minor incident.
Paluakhali and Poonabalia
A quarrel between two persons of opposite communities.
Feb, 1927
Larkana, Lahore
June 1927
Dinapur, Multan Bettiah, Comila
Suspicion and deep rooted hatred engineered the riot.
Nagpur Muslim procession molesting a Hindu passerby
Ahmedabad Muslim prayer in Mosque and Hindu song in temple coming into conflict.
Dehradoon Ram Lila procession
Delhi The procession of a Muslim dead body who killed a Hindu Mahant
Bangalore, Surat Nasik, Hydrabad Bakri-Id
1929 Bombay Some labour dispute engineered riot
1930 Dacca In reaction of civil disobedience movement
1931 Banaras ---do---
1932 Bombay, Alwar ---do---
1933 Alwar, Calcutta ---do---
1935 Bharanga ---do---
1935 Hazaribagh Ram Navami and Moharram on the same day
1935 Firozabad
Burnt a house with 11 persons including 3 children in continuance of above chain
1935 Champaran
1935 Shikandarabad
1935 Lahore
Out of some old vendetta
1935 Dudhial
Lahore reaction
1936 Poona-Khanapur
1936 Jamalpur
Music before a mosque by Hindu wedding procession
1936 Byculla
Temple-Mosque dispute
1937 UP Cattle fair
1939 Asansole
Demolition of a holy book Ramayana by an opposite communty person
1939 Delhi
Quarrel between two persons
1939 Gawanpore
An attack by Muslims on Hindu marriage party
1939 # of dists. in UP
Holi festival and Calcutta
1939 Gaya
Music before a mosque
1939 Kanpur
Processionists attacked by opposite community persons.
1939 Meerut
Reaction to it.
1939 Sindh
1939 Sukkar
1941 Calcutta
Occasion of Moharram
1941 Ahmedabad
Muslims set fire to Maneckchowk bazaar, Predominance of Hindus
1946 Ahmedabad,
Calcutta, Bombay, Noakhali, Patna, Dacca, et al
Muslim league gave a call for liberation week
1948 Udaipur Quarrelling between two groups belonging to two opposite communities
1949 Secundrabad, Hydrabad, Saharanpur, Hambal Started round Tonga, which was suspected to be carrying beef through a Hindu locality.
1949 Akola Slaughter of a cow in a Muslim household
1950 Calcutta, Delhi Pilibhit, ALigarh Dhubri, Bombay, Hindu militant group RSS tried to frustrate Indian Muslims to leave India
1951 Mangrol ---do---
1952 Banaras
Hindus tried to carry out repairs to a place of worship of theirs adjacent to a mosque sanctioned by the city Magistrate.
1953 Viramgaom Holi festival
1953 Bhopal
Stone throwing by some miscreants at a procession taken by the Hindu Mahasabha to protest against cow slaughter.
1953 Gauhati Angry crowd tried to prevent a Muslim family from sacrificing cow
1953 Nasik, Poona, Sangli Ganapati festival and Moharram coincide
1953 Ahmedabad ---do---
1953 Poona Arson bid in Poona
1953 Sholapur Ganpati immersion day playing music before a mosque.
1953 Jamnagar A boy stabbing a cow near a hotel
1954 Ghaziabad Slaughter of a stolen cow
1954 Aligarh Over the price of a melon between a hawker and a customer
1954 Nizamabad Some persons hoisted the Pakistani flag on the statue of Mahatma Gandhi.
1954 Mathura Some persons broke the idol of Krishna, which was installed for worship in a temple near Idgah mosque
1954 Gulbarga, Mannila, Fatehpur Paskistani flag was hoisted over a temple of Ganesh
1956 Bhopal Holi festival – Muslims threw bones in the Holi fire and an idol in a temple was defiled.
1956 Sholapur Rival claims to a shrine made by the two communities.
1956 Many parts of UP
A publication of the Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan alleging insulting reference to Prophet Mohammed.
1956 Jabalpur Forcibly closing down of shops in protest against damage to an idol of Ganapati.
1956 Khamgaon Attack on a Ganapati procession before a mosque by a crowd.
1957 Hazaribagh A clash between students in Moharram procession
1958 Belgaun A procession of Hindus with music before a mosque
1958 Dulhia Unauthorised cow slaughter
1958 Yeola Muslims objecting a procession of Ganpati Idol.
1958 Bagalkot A procession of RSS was stoned near Panka mosque
1959 Lucknow Sprinkling of colour on Muslim on Holi festival by a Hindu
1958 Bhopal ----do----
1958 Sitamarhi Spreading of a rumour that a cow was slaughtered
1960 Hubli Idol of Maruti disfigured by someone
1960 Firozabad Ramlila procession
1960 Saharanpur Ramlila procession
1961 Jabalpur, Sangore, Narsinghpur, Damoh Effort to molest a Hindu girl
1961 Palanpur Discovery of animal bones in the place of worship
1961 Many cities in UP Aligarh University hostel boy misbehaved with hostel girl
1961 Bhopal Meeting of Jana Sangh Dist. Committee
1961 Vidisha, Bhopal Hindu procession being disturbed by Muslims
1962 Sikundra Slaughter of a cow
1962 Malda in WB A week's agitation against the publication of a picture of Mohammed
1962 Agra A quarrel between two persons belonging to opposite communities
1962 Mandsaur A dispute over a business transaction
1962 Bareilly
Throwing of stones on a procession of Hindus passing through Muslim residential area
1962 Ratanagiri Ganpati procession attacked by Muslims
1963 Junagarh Criminal assault by two Muslim youths on a Hindu girl
1963 Islampur Muslim participants of Moharram procession attacked by the police with lathi
1963 Akola Ganpati idol was attacked by stones
1963 Nadia, Calcutta Hair of Mohammed from Hazratbal mosque were stolen
1963 Srinagar ---do---
1964 Bihar, Orissa Train carrying refugees of East Pakistan
1965 Udaipur Scuffle between the two neighbors of opposite community
1966 Udaipur Scuffle between the two wrestlers of two communities
1967 Ranchi Brick batting on the Urdu agitators' procession
1967 Srinagar Religious conversion and marriage of a girl of the Pandi community to a Muslim youth
1968 Meerut A conference organised by the Jamaat-e- Islami in a college and a procession crossed by Jan Sangh
1968 Karimganj Scuffle between two boys of opposite community on a cow of a Muslim
1968 Vizhinjam Clash between Muslims and Christians when Muslims embarked on aggressive violent acts against catholics
1968 Allahabad Holy reveller threw water color on a Muslim who pulled out a pistol
1968 Auditanda Ramnavmi procession
1968 Manglore Muslims had assaulted a Hindu fisherman
1968 Aurangabad A Muslim bakery servant's attack on a cow with a knife
1968 Nagpur Scuffle between a Muslim barber and a Neo Buddha
1968 Parbhani A Hindu college student stabbed by one Muslim Rikshaw puller
1968 Mabajogi Scuffle among students
1968 Pupri Durga procession passed through a Muslim inhabited area
1968 Gumdum A Hindu procession
1968 Cuttack Music in front of mosque
1968 Veeranal News of a death of a Muslim in his house
1969 Kendrapa Music near a mosque
1969 Calcutta Muslim demonstration before the office of the 'Statesman'
1969 Anjar A clash between two persons of opposite community
1969 Hubli Muslims objected to throwing of colored water on them on Holi
1969 Mau in UP Beating of a Hindu boy by Muslim boys
1969 Anjar An armed mob of Muslims attacked Hindus
1969 Gujarat Mutual suspicion and animosity between the two communities
1969 Ahmedabad Atack on Jaganath temple by Muslims
1969 Other cities in Guj Repurcussions of above
1970 Chaibasa Ram Navmi procession
1970 Bhiwandi and other parts of Maharashtra Beginning with a quarrel between two persons of opposite communities
1972 Tonk Bakri Id
1972 Banaras Bakri Id
1973 Delhi Two groups of miscreants clashed at Bara Hindu Rao area
1974 Jugeshwari Anti-Muslim feeling injected by Shiv Sena workers in the minds of general people
1974 Delhi Quarreling of two persons belonging to two opposite communities
1975 Jogeshwari Militant action of Shiv Sena volunteers
1977 Chittorgarh Id Festival
1977 Benaras Durga procession

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